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33 Fifth Avenue Podiatry, NY

Computerized Orthotic Laboratory

Orthotics are custom made devices that are designed to reduce pain and are worn in shoes. Due to advances in technology they can be made to fit everything from athletic shoes to high heel shoes. Two basic types of orthotics are available, accommodative and functional.

Accommodative Orthotics

Accommodative orthotics are used to cushion, pad or reduce pressure points or injured areas of the foot. They are made from a wide variety of soft materials and usually cover the entire foot. This type of orthotic is most often used with arthritic, neuropathic or severely deformed feet. They have the advantage of being easy to wear and adapt well. The drawback of this type of orthotic is that it is not very durable and they are sometimes bulky.

Functional Orthotics

Functional orthotics are used to modify foot mechanics so as to reduce or eliminate abnormal forces on the foot, ankle or leg. It is the abnormal forces on the foot, ankle and leg that cause pain. Thus by correcting these forces the source of the pain is addressed directly. Functional orthotics are quite effective at treating all pain that is caused by abnormal mechanics. Functional orthotics are most often made from heat molded plastics and may have one or more additional components to address specific problem spots on the foot. Many professional and amateur athletes use functional orthotics to improve their foot health. However, they are excellent for everyday use as well. The advantages of functional orthotics is that they are durable, usually fit into most shoes and can be adjusted fairly easily.

Conditions treated by orthotics include: (see common foot problems)

  • Heel pain: plantar fasciitis, heel spurs syndrome
  • Neuroma: pinched, swollen nerve in the ball of the foot
  • Capsulitis: pain beneath the metatarsal bones in the ball of the foot
  • Pain and arthritis of the great toe joint
  • Sesamoiditis: pain associated with the small bones beneath the ball of the foot near the base of the great toe
  • Tendonitis of the foot or ankle
  • Shin Splints
  • Runner's knee
  • Some gait-related hip and low back pains

DISCLAIMER: *MATERIAL ON THIS SITE IS BEING PROVIDED FOR EDUCATIONAL AND INFORMATION PURPOSES AND IS NOT MEANT TO REPLACE THE DIAGNOSIS OR CARE PROVIDED BY YOUR OWN MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL. This information should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease or prescribing any medication. Visit a health care professional to proceed with any treatment for a health problem.

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